Finding a professional AI software developer for your project may be a challenging task. Among the big number of candidates, you need to find those who would be able to utilize all the power of AI in order to take your project to the next level. That is why a hiring manager should thoroughly prepare the AI engineer interview questions that would help to fully evaluate the candidate’s previous experience, industry knowledge, and technical skills.
To help you make well-informed decisions, we’ve prepared a list of AI interview questions for different seniority levels. Feel free to use them in order to find top talents for your project.
There are many points of view, and based on the AI’s capacity to mimic human characteristics it’s divided into 3 categories:
Based on the functions that Artificial Intelligence performs it also can be divided into 4 following categories:
Artificial intelligence is a technology that can be used to make a computer mimic human behavior.
Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence. It consists of algorithms and a method by which a computer can analyze large amounts of data and provide suggestions for solutions to specific problems based on artificial intelligence.
Deep learning is a subset of machine learning, with which a computer is capable of solving problems of a much greater level of complexity.
An intelligent agent is a program that is capable of making decisions and providing services in various fields. It all depends on the environment, user input, and experiences. In most cases, such programs are used to collect information regularly, that is, according to a planned schedule, or at the request of the user in real-time. Bots can often be called intelligent agents.
Neural networks are a series of algorithms that mimic the operations performed by the human brain. They are used to recognize relationships between large amounts of data. Neural connections are often used in financial services programs, from predicting market research to fraud detection and risk assessment.
An array is an ordered collection of objects. It stipulates that each item is the same size, unlike a linked list.
A linked list is a series of pointer objects. These pointers indicate the sequence in which objects should be processed.
A * Algorithm is a kind of search algorithm that finds the shortest path between the start and end states. A * Algorithms are widely used in various programs such as maps. Such programs use this algorithm to determine the shortest distance between the starting point and the final destination.
TensorFlow is an open-source software library that was developed for use in machine learning and neural networks research. It’s mainly used for data-flow programming. It also significantly simplifies the process of incorporating certain AI features such as natural language process and speech recognition into applications.
A generative model is a model that studies categories of data, while a discriminative model simply finds differences between different categories of data. In most cases, discriminative models are superior to generative models for classification problems.
That is a process that typically occurs in a decision tree when branches with weak foresight are removed to reduce model weight and improve the prediction accuracy of the decision tree model. Such a reduction can occur in different ways, both from top to bottom and from bottom to top. During this process, approaches such as reducing the number of errors and reducing the complexity are used.
A Bayesian network in AI is a probabilistic graphical model for showing relationships among a set of variables. It’s important because it mimics the activity of a human brain in processing variables and consists of 2 sections as a Directed Acyclic Graph and a Table of conditional probabilities.
A Hash table is a data structure with which an associative array is created. Key is mapped to values through the use of a hash function. These data structures are typically used for tasks such as indexing a database.
Supervised learning is based on completely labeled data. On the other hand, unsupervised learning doesn’t use any training data at all.
Semi-supervised Machine Learning is the mix of these two approaches and is based on training data consisting of a small amount of labeled data and a massive amount of unlabeled data.
K-Means is an unsupervised clustering algorithm. Its purpose is to identify k number of centroids and allocate every data point to the nearest cluster while keeping the centroids as small as possible.
The KNN (K-Nearest Neighbors) is a supervised classification algorithm. Its purpose is to classify an unlabeled observation based on its K surrounding neighbors.
There are three traditional methods for avoiding overfitting:
Please note that time series are not randomly distributed data. They are sorted alphabetically. If the pattern showed itself not at the beginning, but in a later period, then your model can still catch it. For this to succeed, you need straight chaining. With it, you can model preliminary data and look at the data in perspective.
Fold 1: training , test 
Fold 2: training [1 2], test 
Fold 3: training [1 2 3], test 
Fold 4: training [1 2 3 4], test 
Fold 5: training [1 2 3 4 5], test 
The F1 score is a measure of the model's performance. For this value, track the accuracy and recall of a model. The scale starts at 0 and ends at 1, where the results are around 0 - bad, and the results, 1 - are the best. F1 scores can be used in classification tests.
Ensemble techniques use combinations of different algorithms to optimize more accurate predictions. This technique usually helps to reduce overfitting in models as well as make them more stable.
A confusion matrix is a specific table that is commonly used to measure the performance of an algorithm. It is mostly used in supervised learning; in unsupervised learning, it's called the matching matrix.
This matrix has two parameters:
In total, there are three stages of building a machine learning model:
A Random Forest (also known as Random Decision Forests) is a supervised machine learning algorithm that is used for classification, regression, and other tasks. It operates by creating multiple decision trees during the training phase and makes the final decision based on the decision of the majority of the trees.
In general, there is no specific rule for choosing an algorithm for a particular task, but to choose the best algorithm, you can follow the following rules:
You need to test and validate various algorithms to ensure that the algorithm is best suited to solve your problem.
If the training dataset is small, it is better to use low variance and high bias models.
If, on the contrary, the training dataset is large, then it is better to use models with high variance and small bias.
Precision is the ratio of several events you can correctly recall to the total number of events you recall.
Precision = (True Positive) / (True Positive + False Positive)
A recall is the ratio of the number of events you can recall to the total number of events.
Recall = (True Positive) / (True Positive + False Negative)
There are several ways to reduce dimensionality. You can combine features with feature engineering, removing collinear features, or using algorithmic dimensionality reduction.
Bias is a machine learning model when the predicted values are further from the actual values. Low bias indicates a model where the prediction values are very close to the actual ones.
Variance is the amount by which the model will change when trained with different training data. For an ideal model, the variance should be minimal.
Inductive Learning observes and analyzes various cases, which are based on certain principles, to draw certain conclusions at the end.
Deductive Learning concludes experiences
Classification is used when your goal is categorical. Regression is used when the variable is continuous. Both classification and regression belong to categories of machine learning algorithms that can be controlled.
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