Chief Marketing Officer of Ideamotive. Travel addict and remote work advocate.
AI opportunities exist in every industry and business function. Currently, 77% of consumers are being exposed to Artificial Intelligence regularly on one or more devices (Pega). McKinsey predicts that by 2030, 70% of all companies might have adopted AI-driven solutions to streamline operations and improve productivity. These numbers signify that it’s the perfect time for online businesses, marketplace included, to embrace the power of AI.
However, with a change comes a challenge. Many virtual marketplace owners are afraid of getting a move on with AI for fear of inhibitive costs, technology sophistication, or inadequate resources. Unnecessarily so. Since its first applications in business, scalable AI services and solutions have been advancing at a breakneck pace to become available to every organization, regardless of its size. Now, even small businesses can afford to add AI power to their virtual marketplaces by leveraging cloud-based AI and hiring a specialist AI consulting company.
So, if you own a digital marketplace or plan to launch one, stick with us to discover the secret of AI adoption in virtual marketplaces, and find out how to boost your sales with AI marketplace development.
Do you recognise this place?
In ancient times, this Greek agora was buzzing with life, connecting merchants with buyers. People would travel here from afar to stock up on essentials, using the chance to choose from a broad array of merchandise from the entire region.
Fast forward to 2022, and an online marketplace is agora 3.0. It is an e-commerce site where buyers and sellers connect and trade goods. While ancient agoras provided both parties with physical space for trading, online marketplaces allow them to use digital sites to conduct transactions via the web.
Modern digital marketplaces can be extremely diverse when it comes to the choice of products and services available. Apart from general marketplaces such as eBay, Amazon, or Taobao (in China) that sell anything from books, clothes, and food, to car parts, kitchen appliances, and pharmaceuticals, there’s a whole range of niche marketplaces such as bricklink, Ruby Lane, or Gun Auction, which focus on a specific range of products (Lego bricks, antiquities, and firearms, respectively).
Another notable distinction to make between marketplaces is by the type of entities involved in transactions. We can distinguish:
Marketplace platforms can also support different revenue models. We won’t mention all of them but briefly touch upon the most common types. For more models and examples, download our marketplace eBook.
We all love to get things done fast, especially in these modern times. And nobody likes overpaying. Marketplaces provide a transparent and secure ground for the direct exchange between the buyer and the seller, with no intermediaries and no extra costs.
In 2022, online buyers around the world spent $2.67 trillion on the top 100 online marketplaces.
While sophisticated or high-tech products and services still require a middleman (e.g., a distributor or a retailer) to mediate between the two parties in a transaction, many consumer goods involve a simple one to one exchange, which doesn’t need any go-between. In such cases, the participation of an additional agent bumps up the final price and adds little or no value. Marketplaces allow direct interaction between the buyer and the seller, leading to lower costs and streamlined service.
Marketplaces provide buyers with the opportunity to buy directly from wholesale to save on profit margins imposed by middlemen.
The second advantage of online marketplaces that’s highly valued by their customers is convenience. Just imagine you need a new tank top for your fierce CrossFit classes. Here’s what you can do:
This last point brings us to the final aspect of an online marketplace that is particularly appealing to shoppers: choice. Consumers love marketplaces not only because they allow them to save time, money, and effort, but also because they provide an immense choice of items that’s hard to beat by individual stores, either brick-and-mortar or online.
In this article, we are focusing particularly on how AI in marketplaces boost sales. If you’d like to get more general information about online marketplaces and building your own virtual marketplace from scratch, check out this link to download our comprehensive guide to digital marketplaces.
Simply speaking, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a field of computer science that focuses on the creation of intelligent machines that can “think,” react, and solve problems just like humans. Data scientists admit that AI is often confused with Machine Learning, which is a subset of Artificial Intelligence, a method that uses computer algorithms and statistical models to train machines on how to learn.
In e-commerce, AI solutions collect vast amounts of data about customers, competitors, items, and transactions, and combine it with sophisticated analytical algorithms to enhance customer experience, decrease inventory costs, and increase sales through:
AI-driven marketplaces are online marketplaces that rely on Artificial Intelligence technologies to gain detailed insights into large volumes of data, accelerate operations, and deliver an enhanced user experience with personalized, real-time services.
This choice is really worth it especially since AI and machine learning can support your research and development.
Machine intelligence is already bearing fruit for progressive online brands, putting them on the buyers’ radar, and providing the tools for profit optimization. The AI-driven technologies offer such significant improvements for modern businesses that according to Salesforce, 49% of high-performing marketing teams say they extensively use predictive intelligence to track customer interactions and enhance the user experience with their brands.
Big data scientists, paired with predictive algorithms and AI automation, enhance the monitoring and analysis of user behaviour, provide insights into purchase metrics, and help virtual marketplace businesses create highly personalized interactions that drive greater sales. With these capabilities in mind, how can machine intelligence benefit virtual marketplaces?
In this post, we are focusing on the application of AI in marketplaces. To learn more about Artificial Intelligence in general, discover how it differs from Big Data, Deep Learning, and Machine Learning, and how it can benefit various industries, grab our comprehensive guide to all things AI.
AI solutions contribute to the growth of online marketplaces primarily within the areas of personalization and customization of the buyer experience. Marketplaces cater to vast networks of customers motivated by different needs, expectations, and requirements. With customer segmentation, digital marketplace businesses can break this monolithic group into smaller, targeted segments of buyers sharing common characteristics, to serve every person on an almost individual level.
Segmented campaigns drive a 760% growth in revenue.
[Source: Campaign Monitor]
Accurate customer segmentation helps marketplace owners refine marketing messaging on social media and in email and PPC campaigns, and achieve higher response and conversion rates. However, without AI automation, effective segmentation of thousands of marketplace visitors is practically impossible. The manual process involves considerable human effort, cannot be easily scaled, and is prone to stereotyping and bias. Artificial Intelligence lifts all limitations of traditional market segmentation and allows marketplaces more targeted communication with buyers and sellers by identifying hidden patterns and trends.
The stimulating impact of customer segmentation on revenue is evident in the case of Overstock, a marketplace site that sells surplus merchandise from other e-commerce suppliers. The portal uses Machine Learning systems to collect and process customer data from multiple channels and devices, identify prospects who are most likely to buy, and immediately reach out to them with targeted marketing messages. Overstock's net revenue had previously grown 108.7% in Q2 2020 from 2019, over 100 percentage points more than Q2 2021's growth.
Shopping recommendations are one of the cornerstones of a successful online marketplace. For Zalando, the top European online fashion portal, they generate 40% of online sales. The company has built an AI-powered outfit recommendation engine to provide tailored fashion advice to over 27 million of its customers online. The algorithm suggests items to buyers based on their wish list, past purchases, as well as current trends that match individual tastes.
“We started this with a long term vision in mind whereby the shopping experience wouldn't be so much about navigating through products but navigating through outfits,” James Healey, VP of Inspire and Engage at Zalando.
AI-powered recommendations are also fundamental to Booking.com’s business strategy. In this video, Jonathan Poelsius, Principal Data Scientist, and Rares Mirics, Software Developer at Booking.com, reveal how the booking portal uses advanced data analytics to provide users with sophisticated filtering capabilities to find the room that best meets their exact requirements (their presentation starts at 29:50).
While Booking.com and Zalando are industry front runners with a global reach and own innovation teams, small marketplaces aren’t left behind. They can plug into subscription-based, cloud AI solutions to implement personalized product recommendations. For example, Singaporean Snaphunt embraces Artificial Intelligence to provide candidates with curated job recommendations and real-time updates on their applications.
Avid product creators, especially small and medium-sized businesses selling products in online marketplaces, are not known for their effective marketing skills.
It would be unreasonable to assume that they can create ad campaigns from scratch, say in Google Ads, and track those campaigns to optimize them.
Marketplace traders focus on their products and how they are sold on the marketplace.
However, what if sellers can launch ad campaigns across channels with a single click, sit back and watch the ad perform well, resulting in increased sales and desired ROI?
The OnlineSales.ai monetization stack brings this ambition to marketplace sellers using deep learning, natural language processing, and other artificial intelligence approaches to life. The solution is already used by renowned marketplaces and aggregator networks around the world such as Swiggy, Souq, Livingly, Maruti Suzuki, Haravan, Konga, Sendo, Daraz, Shopmatic, etc.
In simple terms, the stack helps merchants place ads directly on the marketplace they are selling from as well as popular ad platforms like Google Ads, Facebook Ads, etc., without any knowledge of digital marketing.
Personal recommendations are closely tied to pattern recognition algorithms, which look into all available customer data to identify recurrent patterns in human behavior and extract common features. Machine Learning, and Deep Learning, in particular, examine the human context and infer how a prospect feels about products and services available on a marketplace platform. This knowledge can then be applied to enhance the customer experience for the existing marketplace users and improve customer acquisition scores.
Facebook Marketplace steadily rolls out new AI features to grow sales. For instance, the portal uses AI to collect and analyze demographic data shared by Facebook users in their profiles and combines them with keywords from searches they have made within Marketplace to refine recommendations, attract new buyers and nurture existing ones. The extensive use of Artificial Intelligence solutions on Marketplace each month drives over 800 million users to the site.
➡️➡️➡️ To learn more about the role of AI, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and predictive analytics in business optimization, check our AI ebook.
Chatbots aren't going anywhere. Acceptance is growing and it is becoming more convenient for customers to interact with chatbots. Business Insider research shows that 40% of people have a positive view of chatbots.
All popular e-commerce marketplaces use chatbots to reduce the load on support teams. However, the use of chatbots is not only limited to lightening the load on customer support, they are also used to increase sales.
Another study shows that one in three Americans is willing to buy goods using a chatbot. Buyers can use chatbots to get product recommendations, up-to-date product information, available or future discounts, and more.
Natural language processing, a subfield of AI, generates chatbots. While text classifiers, artificial neural networks, and natural language understanding (NLU) are used to understand user input, Natural Language Generation (NLG) is used to generate a response that is useful and natural-sounding.
Combined with home automation and virtual assistants, it becomes easier for people to shop online using chatbots. A trend that will only get stronger, AI chatbots will continue to be of great help to e-commerce markets.
In any marketplace, accurate product tagging and description play a key role in minimizing barriers to purchase, making it easy for users to find relevant products and services and proceed down the buying path. Without them, sales will be affected as reportedly, 30% of online customers abandon their shopping cart due to poor product description (Retail Dive).
Manual product annotation where a person inputs all data to the system by hand is tedious, time-consuming, and extremely ineffective, especially in the case of large marketplaces that each day have to add and update thousands of items. With AI support, modern marketplace businesses can accelerate this process by up to ten times, getting several thousand accurate item descriptions per hour to enhance product discovery.
AI-enabled tagging engines are usually based on neural networks trained to recognize each product in the presented picture and create detailed, relevant descriptions leveraging text generation techniques. That’s how eBay’s Machine Learning solution works, for instance. The company’s neural networks have learned from over 130 million of images across 16,000 subcategories to understand what item each image presents and how to describe it with the highest level of accuracy. Then, the engine uses automated text generation to tag new images in the entire eBay inventory and retrieve correct items.
Sentiment analysis is the process of extracting data from online reviews, conversations, and social media user-generated content to analyze and interpret customer insights across all consumer touchpoints. Digital businesses, including top marketplaces, use it to tap on the authentic customer voice and enhance products and services to keep consumers involved with the brand.
Pinterest, for example, leverages the power of AI-driven sentiment, emotional, and behavioral analytics, which focuses on many aspects of consumer interactions, including text analysis of the written feedback. Brian Johnson, Head of Knowledge at Pinterest, reveals that the company uses sentiment and behavioral analysis to analyze all consumer interactions with the published content in the past 12 months to inform its marketing strategy and drive greater user engagement.
“It is no longer enough to know your engagement on a social post, we must now understand the ratio of positive to negative engagement, as well as the purchase intent as potentially revealed by said sentiment and emotion,” says Johnson.
As we noted earlier, people choose online marketplaces not only for lower prices but also for the speed and convenience of shopping. Therefore, creating a positive, effortless search experience for users is a critical growth factor for digital marketplaces.
Imagine a marketplace that each day lists over 50 million unique, individually hand-crafted items. Now, try to quickly find a product that ideally matches your expectations as a buyer. That happens every day on Etsy, which found its niche in connecting artists crafting handmade items with buyers looking for something less ordinary. Yet this marketplace’s finest selling point is also one of its greatest challenges. How to make search effective when people visiting the site don’t know that an item listed on the portal even exists?
Since almost all products listed on Etsy are unique, the marketplace doesn’t keep a catalog of items. Instead, it relies on Machine Learning algorithms to figure out which products best match each visitor’s requirements. Daily, the algorithms consume over a billion events over the entire website and process them to identify the most relevant merchandise for every customer based on their previous searches. Next, they push the top choices to the first page of Etsy, which generates more than 80% of search-based sales. As a result, buyers spend less time on the search, they are more satisfied with the service, and tend to buy more items, more often, while sellers enjoy greater conversion rates and higher profits.
eBay is also putting Machine Learning to good use for optimizing the search process. To support its clients, the marketplace introduced an AI-powered image search to make searching for products much easier. The solution combines computer vision with deep learning to enable eBay customers providing images of products they are looking for on the site. The AI convolutional neural network processes the images and returns look-alike items among all listed products.
Half of all US online shoppers go to Amazon to search for products.
AI-driven marketplaces can also take advantage of Machine Learning algorithms to detect and mitigate anomalies in their services. Anomalies are any items, events, or data that significantly differ from the majority of other instances, and may point to inefficiencies or errors.
One example of an anomaly that hit a major marketplace in the pocket was Amazon’s online pricing blunder, where the online giant listed a popular camera for a price over six times lower than the regular price. But this wasn’t an isolated case. Pricing errors and other service glitches are so frequent among digital marketplaces that there are even sites dedicated specifically to finding them.
Mistakes like that result from a site’s inability to accurately monitor and update millions of data metrics that it needs to process daily. Traditional BI tools for manual monitoring exist, but they are asynchronous and don’t provide an effective way to prioritize issues and alerts, making it difficult for marketplaces to discern critical errors that should be handled first.
AI-enabled anomaly detection (also called outlier detection) solutions first learn what’s “normal” from millions of sample data points, and then monitor hundreds of metrics looking for abnormal behavior that may point to an anomaly. If an anomaly is detected, scoring is applied to determine the urgency of an event, according to specified thresholds. Next, appropriate alerts are sent to notify the marketplace about the findings.
Alibaba makes extensive use of anomaly detection to optimize its supply chain and prevent glitches in services and pricing. Apart from monitoring and adjusting prices in real-time with AI-powered anomaly detection solutions, the giant marketplace utilizes over 600 data scientists models to detect and eliminate counterfeit goods from its site.
As CIO beautifully put it,
"RPA is a technology application driven by business logic and structured inputs to automate business processes."
Process automation eliminates the need for a human operator and means the technology is able to handle the required tasks on its own.
Primary examples of RPA would be filling in customer profiles with data or processing requirements. RPA aims to automate a company's micro-processes and allows employees to focus on the things that require more thorough and in-depth analysis.
Integration of RPA into business processes saves time and resources and at the same time minimizes the number of possible errors. For e-commerce, process automation directly affects the quality of customer service, which in turn can lead to increased sales. Given the complexity of some e-commerce platforms, RPA integration is absolutely essential.
For example, Magento's ecommerce development aims to turn this complex platform into a streamlined sales environment, and when combined with RPA and Intelligent Automation, the platform can really work wonders.
E-commerce deals with dozens of processes, and payment is perhaps the most important of these as it involves customers' money and their secure transaction.
Payment processing involves many steps, and all of them must be performed flawlessly:
RPA can help businesses integrate all payment processes into a single engine that works flawlessly across all channels.
Buyers crave personalization and are willing to wait for a product or disclose their personal information in exchange for a personalized product. RPA successfully solves the problem and enables ecommerce marketers to delight their customers and drive conversions.
Automating order placement, information retrieval, and other processes related to customer-store interactions leads to faster and better user experience and increased customer loyalty. An example of using RPA for customer support would be sending automatic order notifications to the user and collecting customer feedback upon receipt.
The enterprise resource planning system helps manage all business processes and stores them in one place. The fact is that in each process hundreds of microprocesses are carried out, and with manual control, they take a significant amount of time.
RPA can automate the entire ERP process and save you hours of chore. In addition, you can integrate your ERP system with inventory and always know the state of your resources.
Marketing is important because it helps you tell people about your store. Aside from the creative part, marketing also includes:
RPA helps automate these processes and provides marketers with a ready-made set of data that can then be used to plan future campaigns.
The supply chain is one of the processes requiring the most attention as it deals with products and their safe transfer from supplier to consumer. From inventory management to shipping and order monitoring, RPA is invaluable as it increases the safety and speed of the logistics process.
RPA can take care of the entire process, send notifications about order status, keep you updated on inventory and all other tasks related to product delivery. With RPA, marketplace retailers can ship goods faster and more efficiently, always knowing what's going on with orders.
Last mile delivery will change as robots replace humans to deliver groceries. Amazon is already testing its autonomous unmanned delivery robot named Scout in Southern California.
The Amazon Scout is a self-driving electric vehicle for delivering goods on the last mile.
In addition to delivering the "last-mile", artificial intelligence will continue to assist e-commerce enterprises in the next areas:
Artificial intelligence is transforming e-commerce aggregator platforms into newer and smarter versions, leading to unprecedented growth in these platforms. It was hard to think about it in 1994 when Amazon just launched.
By unlocking actionable data insights, Artificial Intelligence presents a whole range of new opportunities for digital marketplaces that would like to build and maintain a competitive advantage. While in the past, AI-enabled solutions used to be restricted to large enterprises only, now it’s no longer the case.
Google's £400 million purchase of artificial intelligence startup DeepMind, an artificial intelligence company that specializes in algorithms and machine learning for positive impact, is just one of many pending acquisitions as the potential of such technology becomes a reality.
And of the most significant steps left to you is to choose the right tech stack for building a marketplace.
Small and medium-size virtual marketplace businesses can deploy off the shelf AI tools into every aspect of their business that involves data to attract more visitors, improve their retention, enhance the customer experience, and, ultimately, generate more sales.
Therefore, the next blog post would be 100% handy in your future occupation - What To Focus On While Hiring eCommerce Marketplace Developers?
Are you thinking about building or scaling your marketplace? Would you like to grow sales? Can’t wait to establish your own supply chain to achieve the necessary infrastructure? Ideamotive specializes in digital marketplace development leveraging Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Big Data analytics. If you’d like to learn how you can transform your marketplace with AI, we are here for you!
Drop us a note, and we will schedule a FREE consultation with our AI expert to show you the potential benefits of AI solutions for your business.
Michał is a digital marketing veteran with a growth hacking mindset and 10+ years of experience. His goal is building high-quality technological content, with particular emphasis on React and Ruby on Rails. Traveler, climber, remote work advocate.View all author posts
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