Choosing a front-end framework for your web product can be a tricky task. Depending on the product you or your team are building, the priorities and required features will change significantly. When a framework corresponds to those needs and features, your platform will run smoothly. However, if it is picked up hastily, you may increase the risks of development or, in some cases, even compromise your security.
What is Angular?
Angular is an open-source web application framework based on TypeScript released by Google in 2010. Since then, it is maintained by a team of developers inside the company. Angular web development is often a corporate choice for building interactive applications due to its vast functionality and high performance.
What is Vue?
“I figured, what if I could just extract the part that I really liked about Angular and build something really lightweight without all the extra concepts involved?”
Recently introduced Vue 3 has moved to TypeScript.
Angular vs Vue: A full comparison
Both frameworks are very fast, having their own slight drawbacks. Vue tends to perform better in memory allocation. Angular is generally bulkier than Vue. Unlike Vue, the code written with Angular needs to be rendered fully on the server side, and only then it gets downloaded and runs in the app or browser. As a result, Angular may sometimes be slightly slower at the startup. Although Vue is overall faster, Angular performs much better in DOM manipulation.
Angular provides scalability by design with its modular development structure. Vue, on the other hand, is a lightweight framework. Despite that, it still can provide scalability within an already built application. The only drawback is that scaling with Vue might require a bigger strategy, involving forking, breaking down repositories and using separate plugins.
Both Vue and Angular have MVC (Model-View-Controller) architectures, which allow them to be used for complex projects while maintaining a well-structured code. Two-way data binding is among the strong features for both of them too.
Verdict: Overall Angular, but in many cases depends on your personal preferences and project needs
Both Vue and Angular do have in-built protections from certain vulnerabilities and malicious attacks. For Vue, those are escaping HTML content and attribute bindings. Angular does something similar to the process of sanitization. Additionally, it prevents cross-site scripting, cross-site request forgery (XSRF), and cross-site script inclusion (XSSI). However, it is important to highlight that the security of the code is often essential in the hands of its developer. Using best practices, such as updating a framework in time, using only trusted templates, plugins and APIs, sanitizing and complying with security documentation are the best ways to protect your product and its users.
Popularity and talent pool
Front-end frameworks popularity analysis, thorough research that looks into downloads, depending packages, Github, StackOveflow, Google, and Reddit mentions displays that overall both Angular and Vue go hand-in-hand, with slightly higher Angular popularity on the separate platforms.
Angular’s learning curve is known to be very steep. Consider what you know from the previous parts of the article — a huge library, TypeScript, MVC. Before working with Angular, a web developer must get familiar not only with its functions and variables but many other associated concepts. Though, the dedication and meticulousness, in this case, pays off with an ability to create more powerful platforms.
Speed of development
The inner structure of a framework and the surrounding community helps developers to understand its ecosystem and work within it. Developers’ understanding of a respective framework and their ability to utilize it professionally and seamlessly play a role in the ultimate speed of development.
It is important to note that Angular is maintained by a corporate set of professionals, while Vue has more of an open-source community and a dedicated team, meaning Angular has more extensive documentation and in-built solutions. Additionally, it is also older, providing a larger professional community. Light architecture, a rich number of plugins and third-party add-ons, and compatibility with other technology are among Vue’s strong sides.
Cost of development
A cost of development may vary vastly on such criteria as having own or outsourced team, developer hourly rate, task complexity. Numerous outsourced web developers, companies, and IT business consultants may help estimate the best prices, explain potential risks and drawbacks for a specific project.
Verdict: Costs are never universal and depend on the market, labor cost, industry, specific project, and its characteristics
Vue vs Angular: A cheat sheet
Vue vs Angular: Examples of Use
What is Vue good for?
- Dynamic applications
- UI and UX-centered projects
- Portfolios and image-heavy websites
- Single-page apps
Notable clients: Alibaba, Grammarly, 9GAG, WizzAir, Nintendo, BuzzFeed
What is Angular good for?
Angular is a more reasonable technology for applications that need extensive functionality, for larger teams and projects that want to scale easily. Previously, we have collected some examples of great web development done by using the Angular framework. The strengths of Angular will shine in:
- Cross-platform and hybrid web development
- Enterprise software
- Apps that require server-side rendering
Notable clients: Microsoft Office, Deutsche Bank, Upwork, Gmail, Forbes, Udacity