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Combatting Cyber Threats: Implementing Cybersecurity Best Practices

May 3, 20236 min read

Dawid Karczewski

Senior full stack developer and CTO at Ideamotive.

Implementing Cybersecurity Best Practices

In digital life, cyberattacks have become increasingly prevalent and can have devastating consequences for any business. They usually result in data breaches and financial losses. The worst part is when a business suffers reputational damage. According to UpGuard source, the average data breach cost in 2022 is $4.35 million, a 2.6% rise from 2021 to $4.24 million.

 

Most common cybersecurity vulnerabilities worldwide as of 2020

 

It’s never a problem for large corporations alone. Cybercriminals often see small and medium-sized businesses as easy targets due to their weaker security measures. As such, businesses of all sizes must proactively protect their sensitive data and avoid costly cyberattacks. The only issue is finding cyber experts who can apply the best cybersecurity practices to combat threats.

What are the best cybersecurity practices?

Cybersecurity has become crucial as businesses rely more heavily on digital technologies. However, cyberattacks can be costly and damaging to a company's reputation, so companies need to follow the best cybersecurity practices. Here are some of the essential practices that businesses to outline in their cybersecurity strategy:

  1. Develop a plan that includes policies and procedures for data protection, employee training, incident response, and disaster recovery;
  2. Conduct regular risk assessments: identify potential vulnerabilities and risks to your systems and data and take steps to address them;
  3. Provide access controls: limit access to sensitive data and systems only to those who need it and use proper access controls and permissions;
  4. Train employees: provide regular training on cybersecurity best practices, including password management, identifying and reporting suspicious activity, and responding to potential attacks;
  5. Use firewalls and other protective measures: use firewalls, antivirus and anti-malware software;
  6. Implement encryption to cover sensitive data from unauthorized access;
  7. The up-to-date approach helps  software with the latest security patches and bug fixes;
  8. Conduct regular backups: regularly backup all critical data to avoid data loss due to cyberattacks;
  9. Have an incident response plan: develop and test an incident response plan to ensure a timely and effective response during a cyberattack;
  10. Hire cybersecurity experts: consider hiring experts or working with a third-party provider to help assess and address potential risks.

 

By following these practices, businesses can significantly reduce their risk of falling victim to such attacks and protect their sensitive data and systems. 

The Role of Employee Awareness in Preventing Cyberattacks

Employees handle sensitive data, such as customer information, financial data, and intellectual property, daily. That’s why it’s vital to be aware of cyber threats and help them recognize fraud and respond to it.

 

Annual number of data compromises in the United States

 

IT managers should implement regular training programs and workshops to educate employees on cybersecurity best practices. These programs can cover various topics, including password management, phishing scams, malware, and social engineering.

 

Training programs should also include hands-on exercises like simulated phishing attacks to test employee knowledge and response to cyber threats. These exercises can help identify areas of weakness and ensure that your team is better prepared to respond to real-world cyberattacks. By taking all those measures, businesses can mitigate the risk of cyberattacks and their consequences and protect their sensitive data, financial assets, and reputation.

Why is Password Management and Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) Essential?

With cyber threats on the rise, companies need to implement strong password policies, and MFA, and educate employees about password management best practices.

 

Strong password policies protect sensitive data and systems from unauthorized access. Passwords should be complex and unique, using a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols. Implementing password policies that require regular password changes, a minimum password length, and prohibiting the reuse of old passwords is necessary to strengthen access controls. Employees should also be discouraged from writing down their passwords or sharing them with others.

 

MFA is an additional security measure to provide two or more forms of authentication to access sensitive data or systems. For example, MFA can include something a user knows, such as a password or PIN, a smart card or security token, or a biometric identifier. As a result, MFA adds an extra layer of protection to sensitive information, making it more challenging for anyone to gain access.

 

And once again, it’s worth mentioning that employees play a critical role in keeping data and systems secure. Educating them about password management best practices can help prevent data breaches caused by weak passwords. Employees should also be encouraged to immediately report suspicious activity to IT staff, such as failed login attempts or unusual emails or messages.

What is Sensitive Information, and How to Protect It? 

Sensitive data refers to confidential information that requires protection from unauthorized access or disclosure, like:

  1. Personally Identifiable Information (PII): any information that can be used to identify an individual, such as name, address, social security number, and date of birth;
  2. Financial, Banking, or Credit Card Info: credit card numbers, bank account details, and financial statements must be protected to prevent fraud and identity theft;
  3. Legal information includes any confidential info related to legal proceedings or contracts that must be protected to maintain the integrity of the legal process;
  4. Medical or Protected Health Information (PHI). It includes the individual's medical history, treatment, or diagnosis that must be protected to ensure patient confidentiality and compliance with legal regulations;
  5. Biometric Data: unique physical or behavioral characteristics that can be used to identify an individual;
  6. Customer and Employee Data: Confidential information such as customer and employee personal information, contact details, and employment history must be protected to maintain trust and prevent data breaches;
  7. Internet Browsing History: Internet browsing history can reveal personal info, such as search terms and websites visited, to retarget users;
  8. Proprietary Information or Trade Secrets: patents, trademarks, or trade secrets that give businesses a competitive advantage and must be protected to maintain business integrity;
  9. Business Operations Data: revenue, sales, and marketing strategies must be protected to prevent competitors from gaining an unfair advantage;
  10. Classified Government Information: national security data, intelligence reports, or classified documents must be protected to maintain national security and prevent unauthorized disclosure.

 

Data security is a critical component of any comprehensive cybersecurity strategy. Protecting sensitive information requires identifying and classifying data, implementing encryption and access control measures, and regularly monitoring and auditing data access.

Ransomware Attacks: Understanding the Risks and Implementing Preventative Measures 

Ransomware attacks have become a disaster in recent years, and understanding the risks associated with these attacks is critical to preventing them from occurring. Let’s consider some measures that can help reduce the possibility of a ransomware attack:

 

  1. Recognizing the signs of ransomware attacks, which typically involve cybercriminals infiltrating a computer system or network and encrypting files, making them inaccessible to the rightful owner. Signs of a ransomware attack may include unusual pop-up messages, missing or encrypted files, or unauthorized changes to the system. Educating employees on the characteristics of such attacks can help prevent these attacks from causing significant damage. 
  2. Developing and implementing backup and recovery strategies means having a reliable backup and recovery strategy is critical to restoring encrypted files. It includes regularly backing up files and storing them. A disaster recovery plan can also help business operations continue during an attack.
  3. Regularly updating and patching software to reduce vulnerabilities. Cybercriminals gain access to computer systems by exploiting software vulnerabilities. Regularly updating and patching software can reduce the risk of exploiting these vulnerabilities. And businesses should prioritize those measures to protect sensitive information and maintain business continuity.

Operating Systems and Privatized Networks: Securing Your Infrastructure 

First and foremost, ensuring that your operating systems are regularly updated and secured with the latest patches and security updates is essential. It will help prevent vulnerabilities from being used by hackers.

 

Most common cybersecurity vulnerabilities worldwide as of 2020

 

Another critical step is to create a privatized network that isolates sensitive data and systems. This can be achieved through virtual private networks (VPNs), firewalls, and other security measures that help keep sensitive information isolated from the rest of your network.

 

Finally, it's essential to implement network monitoring and intrusion detection systems. These tools will show potential security breaches before they become major problems, allowing you to protect your infrastructure and keep your data safe proactively. 

Remote Work and Virtual Private Networks (VPNs): Safeguarding Your Data 

In times of technological transformation, more and more companies are embracing remote work to drive efficiency, productivity, and cost savings. That's why there's a need for secure remote access to company resources. Enter Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), a key technology for safeguarding your data today. 

Remote work comes with challenges, like ensuring employees can access critical internal resources on-site while keeping employee, customer, and company data secure and private.

 

To overcome these challenges, VPNs have become an essential tool for businesses. VPNs provide encrypted connections that allow employees to access company resources securely and prevent them from using unsecured network connections. When set up correctly, VPNs enable employees to access company resources as if they were connected to the office network through a wired or wireless connection. Hence, VPN comes from this concept, where a device virtually accesses internal, private resources and networks.

 

Blog CTA Michal

 

Those who rely on public wireless networks are at risk. These employees may have their network traffic intercepted, exposing sensitive business-related data or allowing access to sensitive internal applications.

Therefore, businesses ensure security and privacy with VPN access to their remote team. 

Layers of Protection: Comprehensive Security Strategy 

 

A multi-layered approach to cybersecurity involves using various measures to protect against cyber threats, including:

  1. Physical security measures, such as access controls and surveillance cameras, and software-based security measures, such as firewalls, antivirus software, and endpoint protection solutions;
  2. By using multiple layers of security, businesses can create a more robust defense against cyber threats. If one layer of security is breached, the other layers help prevent further damage and limit the breach's impact;
  3. A comprehensive security strategy includes firewalls, antivirus software, and endpoint protection solutions. Firewalls are like barriers between an internal network and the internet, monitoring and blocking incoming and outgoing traffic to prevent unauthorized access and malware infections;
  4. Antivirus software scans for viruses and other malicious software on devices and can quarantine or remove any threats detected. Endpoint protection solutions provide additional protection by monitoring and controlling access to a network, devices, and applications;
  5. Regularly reviewing and updating security policies and procedures is essential to a security strategy. Cyber threats constantly evolve, so staying up-to-date is vital;
  6. Training on cybersecurity best practices, such as password management and identifying phishing attacks. It also involves regularly testing and auditing security measures to identify and address vulnerabilities.

 

By following the anticipating approach to cybersecurity and regularly reviewing and updating policies and procedures, businesses can stay ahead of the latest threats and minimize the risk of a successful cyberattack.

Summary

As you see, cybersecurity threats are a constant concern for businesses of all sizes. For any business, developing a security strategy that includes multiple layers of protection is vital. Regularly reviewing and updating security policies and procedures is critical to protecting against these threats. However, it's also essential to recognize the vital role that cybersecurity engineers, developers, consultants, and higher-level staff play in promoting and implementing cybersecurity best practices.

 

Managers and higher-level staff are crucial in promoting and implementing cybersecurity best practices, making employees train on these practices, and ensuring security policies and procedures are regularly reviewed and updated.

 

Cyber threats constantly evolve, and businesses must continuously improve and adapt their security strategies to stay ahead of them. By anticipating the harm of cyber attacks, businesses can reduce the risk of a successful cyberattack and protect their sensitive data and resources.

Dawid Karczewski

Dawid is a full stack developer experienced in creating Ruby on Rails and React Native apps from naught to implementation. Technological superhero, delivering amazing solutions for our clients and helping them grow.

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