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PHP and JS are the most widespread languages for web development. Thus, people often wonder which one is better. As with all other technologies, there is no exact answer here. In this blog post, we'll show you why.
PHP is a popular scripting language that is primarily used in the field of web development. If you are new to programming, you might ask - is this not a "programming language"? This is actually part of the "scripting," which means that PHP allows you to automate certain specific processes, thereby saving a lot of time and avoiding manual programming.
PHP was created in 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf. Since then, it has received many different updates and is now considered one of the most successful programming languages in the field of web development. PHP developers underline several core features of the technology - let's quickly go over them.
What is PHP used for?
Web development with PHP includes activities such as managing cookies, collecting information from web pages, and turning static websites into dynamics.
Another important aspect of using PHP is building dynamic PHP websites using the MySQL system. PHP works with plenty of databases, but the most popular is MySQL.
How does it work?
Well, you should use PHP to connect to the database and present content in HTML pages.
Takeaway: PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It is a programming language embedded in HTML that does all sorts of things like creating custom web content, sending and receiving cookies, evaluating form data sent from the browser, etc. It is integrated with a number of popular databases—for example, PostgreSQL, Oracle, Sybase, SQL, and MySQL. It also supports major protocols like IMAP, POP3, and LDAP.
PHP can process forms, save data to a file, return data to the user, collect data from files, etc.
Example: Let's say a website where the user views the order status after logging in. When coding PHP, you send a query to the database, which then outputs specific information about the user based on what information is in the database.
With an event loop, Node.js provides more efficient request management. For example, while the file system is reading a file, Node.js works on other requests. After the system reads the file, it sends it to the browser. In other words, while Node.js is waiting for one job to complete, it moves on to another.
There are many different aspects that good programming languages have. This is usually a mixture of all the criteria. They help you decide whether to use the language or not. However, there are certain criteria that are “must-haves” - without them, the programming language will either be very difficult to learn or not cost at all.
PHP is easier to code and use. This is because PHP has over 1000 built-in functions that you can use to create specific tasks. The list of functions is readily available online. You can also create your own functions for giving commands.
The stability and reliability of both PHP and JS are open to interpretation. But thanks to its outstanding speed, the latter wins.
PHP is only an internal development language.
To develop a web application using this technology stack, a software developer must know four different syntax systems, not talking about HTML and CSS. Switching between languages is inconvenient and inefficient and also makes the learning process very difficult.
You can check the documentation for each language here:
At the same time, the documentation for both ones is quite sufficient. Thus, you can always find answers to questions raised while coding. Of course, in case you are experienced enough to understand what is written there.
Referring to Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2020, JS is the most popular technology, with 67.7% versus 26.2% that PHP has.
Each language has its own implementation area; therefore, you should choose one based on its tech characteristics, not only popularity.
Talking about PHP, stackshare.io shows that the most beloved benefits of PHP are its large community, open-source, and easy deployment.
PHP is used by companies such as Facebook, Lyft, Wikipedia, Slack, Tumblr, and 9 GAG.
Its code is open source, which makes it more flexible and customizable.
PHP only ranks eighth on GitHub, with pull requests of around 5%.
In the United States, they earn an average of about $80,000 a year.
Source: PHP Developer Salaries, Glassdoor.com
As per Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2020, JS is one of the most loved technologies, with 58.3% against 37.3% that PHP has.
PHP wins for its ease of learning, and aspiring developers will appreciate it.
PHP is developed and maintained by a large community. The technology has a good support base. All you need to get started with PHP is a PHP analyzer, a web server (like Apache), and a web browser like Google Chrome.
In addition, as we mentioned above, the costs for hiring the related developer are also equal. So, the total dev cost would be the same for both languages.
Find these sentences too long? Here is a quick summary of all of the above:
I must say that most of the positive aspects of PHP are already known to programmers. Here is a list of the benefits that make it widely applicable in web development:
Despite its widespread use in the field of creating sites and web applications, the "preprocessor" does have drawbacks. But if some see them as reasons not to learn the language, then others see a warning that should be taken as a guide. Among the problems:
But the root of all the problems that PHP is associated with are not caused by the templating engine itself, but rather by the surrounding circumstances. The language itself is perfectly integrated into the development of modern web applications. And this situation has persisted for many years. Since 1998, web development with PHP has been carried out in 8 cases out of 10. There are not so many such long-livers in programming: trends change very quickly.
Don't forget that the "preprocessor" is designed for a specific purpose: web development. And if a young developer makes mistakes in it, it doesn't really matter. Moreover, people who have gained a foundation in PHP are much more willing to develop further than those who have broken off enthusiasm about the complexity of languages such as Java.
Use PHP as your backend language if you are going to use the LAMP solution stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP).
PHP also works fine with content management systems like WordPress and Drupal.
JS is preferred when using the MEAN solution stack (MongoDB, Express.js, Angular.js, and Node.js).
JS works best with dynamic single-page applications.
Now the site contains examples of orders already completed by the agency - each project has its own page, which describes its history, which gives the user a deeper understanding of what Hello Monday is doing.
“We were trying to move away from the boilerplate of what a creative agency website should look like,”
says Katie Hertel, project lead for the Hello Monday web page redesign.
The site is very attractive and responsive, which is facilitated by the organization of projects on the main page: it is automatically supplemented with new agency work when scrolling down.
The game uses a Node.js server to manage communication between desktop and mobile devices using WebSockets.
Weise emphasizes that the already existing game libraries were not used in the development of Multeor.
“I wanted to create something that would give everyone a sense of the time scale. Here is Today helps you understand how vast the history of the universe is."
Twyman notes that from the very beginning, he decided to abandon the standard measurement values - pixels, and described his own based on the size of the screen. This was done to ensure that the site looks the same on all devices.
PHP may be slower than Node.js, but the PHP user community is larger, which means there are more resources and tutorials to learn from. In addition, PHP offers many frameworks, such as Laravel, Symfony, Zend, and others that make web development even more efficient. Although Node.js also offers many frameworks and resources, the support system is not yet mature enough.
Not sure what technology to choose? Consult your product with us. We can provide you with technical consultancy and the ability to hire top web developers skilled in both technologies, matched with your product and your industry.
Robert is a co-founder of Ideamotive. Entrepreneur, who with passion spreads digital revolution all around the internet. Mentor and advisor at startup accelerators. Loves to learn and discover new business models.View all author posts
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